Wednesday, May 8, 2013

Obesity And Endocannabinoids

Obesity-driven synaptic remodeling affects endocannabinoid control of orexinergic neurons
Endocannabinoids act retrogradely at presynaptic sites to activate cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) receptors, thereby
inhibiting neurotransmitter release and fine-tuning synaptic transmission. In murine models of obesity with leptin deficiency, we report that orexin-A neurons undergo a shift from predominant control by CB1-expressing excitatory to CB1-expressing inhibitory inputs. In addition, endocannabinoid biosynthesis is increased in these neurons. CB1 activation by endocannabinoids reduces the inhibition of orexinergic neurons in obese mice, thereby enhancing orexin-A release in target brain areas and contributing to hyperphagia and increased body weight, as well as to alterations of hormone levels typical of obesity.
The Daily Mail (UK) has Cannabis-like chemical could help keep couch potatoes slim
A natural cannabis-like chemical in the brain may hold the key to keeping couch potatoes slim, early research suggests.

Scientists in the US found that blocking the compound allowed mice to gorge on high fat food and take little exercise without putting on weight or becoming unhealthy.

The genetically modified animals produced limited amounts of the endocannabinoid 2-AG, a chemical related to the active ingredient in cannabis.

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